Distinguished Visiting Faculty

Friday 17 July 2009 22:53:19
 
The Right Reverend and Right Honourable Lord George Carey of Clifton

George Leonard Carey studied at King’s College, London and the London College of Divinity, where he graduated with a Bachelor’s degree in Divinity in 1962; a Master’s in Theology in 1966; and a Doctor of Philosophy in 1973. After being ordained into the Church of England and serving in a number of preaching and teaching posts, Lord Carey became Bishop of Bath and Wells in 1988. In 1991, Lord Carey was appointed the 103rd Archbishop of Canterbury – and thus head of the Church of England and, worldwide, the 70 million members of the Anglican and Episcopal Churches – by the then Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. This made him the second most powerful person in the United Kingdom (after the Queen) in religious matters, with a seat in the House of Lords.
 
During his tenure as Archbishop of Canterbury, the Church faced many issues as it sought to adjust to the increasing complexities of modern society. One major focus of his attention was the role of religion in community development and the escape from poverty; another was the need for communication between different religions. To this end, he was an active participant in numerous conferences with leaders of other faith-communities. One of his many initiatives was, with the then President of the World Bank, James D. Wolfensohn, to establish the World Faiths Development Dialogue in 1998: nine different faith-communities were brought together for a dialogue on poverty and development, both with each other and with international development agencies such as the World Bank and the UNDP.
 
The events of September 11th 2001 highlighted, amongst other things, the absolute need for more communication between different religions. Lord Carey stepped up to play an active role. For example, he and the Grand Imam of al-Alzar al Sharif – a leading Sunni Muslim scholar – called a meeting of leaders of the Christian, Jewish and Muslim faiths in Egypt; this resulted in the First Alexandria Declaration of the Religious Leaders of the Holy Land, signed in January 2002, which unanimously condemned the indiscriminate acts of suicide bombers.
 
He retired as Archbishop of Canterbury in 2002, when he was made a life peer and Privy Counselor. However, he has continued to be involved in religious affairs on the international arena, and has maintained an active involvement in the projects which he initiated: for example, he took over as the Chair of the Trustees of the World Faiths Development Dialogue in 2003.
 
Lord Carey has written widely on theological issues. Amongst the many honours which he has received are his being named Presentation Fellow of King’s College, London; Fellow of Christ’s University College, Canterbury; and Fellow of the Library of Congress. He is also the recipient of more than ten Honorary Doctorates.
 
 
Professor Katherine Marshall
 
Katherine Marshall has a Master's in Public Administration from the Woodrow Wilson School of Princeton University, and an MA in History from the same university. She worked with the World Bank over the period 1971 to 2006, where she was actively involved as a 'front-line operator' to help put remotely-conceived development plans into action. Thus, after assignments working on Eastern Africa (1979-86) and Latin America (1986-90), she served as the Bank's Country Director in various African nations, implementing programs in the Sahel region (1990-4) and Southern Africa (1994-6). Subsequently, as Director for Social Policy and Governance in the East Asia and Pacific Region (1997-2000), she helped to mould and implement the World Bank's initiatives to minimise the impact of the East Asian financial crisis.
 
Much of her work in these various postings centred on social policy and governance. Thus, she dealt with issues related to civil society, including those arising out of preconceptions about gender. The consistent thrust of her work was the fight against poverty, together with the absolute need to combat the haemorrhaging effects of corruption on the evolutionary development of afflicted societies. As a result, she has been playing an active role in the World Bank's efforts towards trying to achieve the United Nations' Millenium Development Goals.
 
Reflecting her interests and experience, she was appointed in 2000 by the then president of the World Bank, James D. Wolfensohn, as Director for Development Dialogue on Values and Ethics. She thus served as counselor to the president on issues involving ethics, values, rights, and faith in development work: this reflects the recent growing realisation that development institutions like the World Bank share common goals with religious traditions in the alleviation of poverty and its attendant problems; and that there is the need for a symbiotic dialogue between these two in order to maximise the benefits from their working together synergistically. As part of her remit, she was charged with the setting up of the World Faiths Development Dialogue: a body which seeks to promote networking and a constructive dialogue – whilst overcoming the many prejudicial barriers – between (secular) development institutions and religious institutions, so that their common goals of reducing poverty and human suffering can be best realised.  
 
In 2006, she  was appointed a senior advisor at the World Bank,  and joined the faculty of Georgetown University, as both a senior fellow at the newly-established Berkley Center for Religion, Peace and World Affairs, and a Visiting Professor in the Department of Government.
 
She has spoken and published extensively on international development, including Mind, Heart and Soul in the Fight Against Poverty. She was a visiting scholar at the Harvard Institute for International Development in 1997. In addition, she was appointed a trustee of Princeton University in 2005, where she has served on the Advisory Council for the Woodrow Wilson School.  She is also a co-moderator of the Fes Forum (part of the Fes Festival of World Sacred Music); a member of the Council of 100 (a World Economic Forum initiative to promote understanding between the Islamic World and the West); a member of the Board of Advisors of the Intercultural Dialogue and Diplomacy Institute of Al Akhawayn University, Morocco; and a Board member of Pathfinder International, the Global Fund for Women, the International Development Ethics Association and various other non-governmental organizations.
 
The University of Cambodia was fortunate to have Professor Marshall come to present an intensive study workshop on Poverty and Inequity (January 2-6, 2007); the course addressed issues related to the Global Fight against Poverty; the Architecture of Development Assistance, and  Country Perspectives on Development Work.